Thursday, January 12, 2017

Orthodox worship (in slides)

Orthodox worship

  1. 1. Holy Liturgy ofOrthodox Church 1
  2. 2. The word “orthodox” means“right belief” or “right praise” 2
  3. 3. Orthodox churches still use forms of worship that were practiced in the first centuries. Our worship is based to a great extent on passages from Holy Scripture.We sing most of the service, joining our voices in simple harmony to ancient melodies. 3
  4. 4. Worship in the Orthodox perceptive does not simply mean prayer alone. It is beyond prayer.  Prayer means communion with God in a personal way.  Worship means doing prayer collective. 4
  5. 5. For the Orthodox worship and liturgy include some or all the five senses the sight, hearing, smelling, touching & tasting. By sight :Sees the worship going on Hears the prayers, jingling of bells, melodious musicSmells the incense: sense of smell is used to enlightenthe minds and hearts of the worshipers, bringing them into closer communion with God. Touches each other at the kiss of peace Tastes the eternal food at receiving the Holy Eucharist. 5
  6. 6. Again I say unto you, That if two ofyou shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shallbe done for them of My Father which is in heaven. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them (Matthew 18:19­20). 6
  7. 7. Eucharistic service is based on experiencing the salvific actions of Jesus ("do this in myremembrance of me") using bread and wine, and saying His own words (known as words of the institution). 7
  8. 8. Eucharist (εὐχαριστία GK)is  holy mystery (Mysterion GK) :or ROZO (Syr) that is celebrated during the Divine Liturgy within the  Orthodox Church, where the bread and wine gets consecrated through the power of the Holy Spirit tobecome Precious Blood and Body of Jesus Christ that is consumed by prepared Orthodox Christians.  Other names for the Eucharist include:  HolyGifts, Communion, and the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ   Orthodox Christians believe that the Real and full Presence of Jesus Christ (not merely a sign) is with the body and the Blood after consecration . 8
  9. 9. Eucharist= Thanksgiving It is instituted by Jesus Christ before His passion.The Holy Apostles and Evangelists Matthew, Mark, and Luke, thus in detail describe the institution of the Holy Eucharist during the Lords Supper on His Passover Mat 26: 26-29; Mark 14: 22-24; Luke 22:19-23; 1 Cor 11: 23-26 9
  10. 10. Christ took the bread in His Holy hands and looking up to heaven, gave glory and thanks to the Father,broke it into parts and gave it to the disciples saying: "Take, eat, this is my body which is given for you". The disciples took the bread from His hands, and divided it among themselves. After, He took the cup of wine mixed with water, gave thanks to God theFather, and said to the disciples: "Drink ye all of it, forthis is my blood of the New Testament which is shedfor you and many for the remission of sins". And theyall drank of it. After, He commanded them: "This do in remembrance of me". The Holy Apostlesstrictly fulfilled this command of Christ and celebrated the Sacrament of Communion. 10
  11. 11. Eucharist is the center of life in the  Orthodox Church Because the Church is primarily a Eucharistic community. Eucharist is the completion and culmination of all mysteries of the Church. It is the souls and goal of all her doctrines and institutions. 11
  12. 12. leavened bread The Orthodox Church uses leavened bread According to the Gospel of Saint John Last Supper and Passiontook place during the evening, night and day time of Passover Day, therefore leavened bread was eaten in Last Supper. 12
  13. 13. Jesus as the celebrant At the Eucharist the sacrifice offered is Christ himself.Christ himself performs the act of offering Eucharist in the Church.He is both Priest and Lamp being offered. 13
  14. 14. Jesus Christ as the EucharistIn Orthodox Theology He is God He is Sacrificial Animal He is the Priest who offers He is the one who receive the offering He is the fulfiller /effect of Sacrifice 14
  15. 15. We offer to Thee Eucharist is offered to God the Holy Trinity. It is not just to the Father, but also to the  Holy Spirit and to Christ Himself. Each Prayer ends with a doxology to the Holy Trinity Now, what is the sacrifice of the Eucharist? Who offers it ? and to whom is it offered? The answer is always Jesus Christ. 15
  16. 16. We offer for all, for the whole Universe According to Orthodox Theology, Eucharist is a propitiatory sacrifice offered on behalf of both the living and the departed and for the whole Universe. 16
  17. 17. When an Orthodox Christian is preparing to partake in the Holy Communion, he must first of all cleanse his soul through repentance and confession. Without these the Orthodox Church doesnt allow the faithful to Communicate. Confession is a whole- hearted acknowledgement of allour sins, errors, and faults, together with a determination to be good and to live according to the commandments of Christ. At confession absolution is received, which is the Churchs assurance of Gods forgiveness. Repentance is joined with fasting and on the day that wereceive the communion we must abstain from food for at least 6 hours until we receive communion. 17
  18. 18. Prayer is the essence of the Orthodox Christian way of life. It is the means by which one achieves communion with God.Moreover, it is the means by which one experiences the presence of God in his/her life. 18
  19. 19. Pray in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, before sleep, before meals, simply, throughout the day. The Orthodox Church therefore encouragesboth private prayer (taking place personally and privately between God and us) and corporateprayer (taking place in the Divine Liturgy, the Holy Mysteries, and other services of the Church) as a means to this end. 19
  20. 20. Whether corporate or private,prayer is understood in the OrthodoxChurch as the ‘lifting of the mind andheart to God’. We turn our minds and our hearts toward Him and His will. This is accomplished by either speaking to Him with words or bybeing in silence, trusting in God and being open to His will for us. 20
  21. 21. The Daily Cycle of Prayer  The Evening Service In the Orthodox Church the liturgical dayfrom evening to evening, i.e. with the setting of the sun. This practice follows the biblical account of creation;" And there was evening and there was morning, one day" (Genesis 1:5).It takes us through creation, sin, and salvation in Christ. 21
  22. 22. The Compline Service “Soothara” It is a service of psalms and prayers to readfollowing the evening meal before one retires to sleep. It focuses on three things: thanksgiving for the day that has passed; protection for the ensuing night; and forgiveness of wrongs committed during the day. 22
  23. 23. The Midnight Prayer This service consists of psalms and prayers that are said in the middle of the night. This service focuses on the significant "middle" of the night events that are found in Scripture, the resurrection of our Lord and His Second Coming. 23
  24. 24. The Morning ServiceThe Service is centered in thanksgiving for the coming of the true light of Christ and calls all to repentance by uniting the elements ofmorning psalms and prayer with mediation, theGospel reading, and the particular theme of the day in the given verses and hymns. 24
  25. 25. The Mid Day Prayer consists of 3 hr 6hr &9thhr The central prayer of each hour is the Lords Prayer.In addition each hour has a set of psalms, hymns, and a distinctive prayer for that Hour. Each Hour has a particular theme based upon some aspects of the Christ-event and salvation history. 25
  26. 26. Liturgy is a term that refers to acts of worship that are performed by the members of a religious group. A liturgy is also called a rite or a ritual. Most religions have their own liturgy. 26
  27. 27. A liturgy may combine words, music, and gestures.  It also may include religious objects, suchas altars and special clothing, and symbolicacts, such as pouring or sprinkling water as part of the ceremony of baptism.  Some liturgical services are held at certain times of the day, week, or year. They may take place on a fast day, festival, or Sabbath. 27
  28. 28. The principal liturgical service in Christianity is called the Eucharist, Holy Communion, Holy Qurbana.   The most important events of the Christianliturgical year are the Christmas and the Easter. 28
  29. 29. Christianity has many forms of liturgy. The most widespread ones are the Byzantine form and the Latin, or Roman form and the Syrian Form. The Byzantine rite is used by the Greek and Russian Orthodox Church and several other Eastern churches.The Latin rite is used by the Roman Catholic ChurchSyrian Form is used by the Syriac Orthodox Churches, for instance The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church 29
  30. 30. Holy CommunionIn Christian churches, is the sacrament (holy ceremony) of the Lords Supper. The Gospels and I Corinthians report that at the Last Supper, Jesus told His disciples ”eat, for this is my body, and drink, for this is my blood. Many Protestants call the sacrament the Lords Supper. Anglicans, Roman Catholics, and members of the Eastern Orthodox churches call the ceremony the Eucharist or Holy Communion. Some Protestant churches observe the ritual monthly or weekly. Others observe it four times a year. Roman Catholics must receive Communion during the Easter season, and often they receive weekly or daily Communion. 30
  31. 31. II Clergy   There are three major orders of Orthodox clergy--Bishops, Priests, and Deacons.  There are also two chief minor orders--sub deacons and readers. Deacons, sub deacons, and readers assist the priest during religious services. 31
  32. 32. Priests The priests daily dress is a black robe; inIndia, due to the hot weather, priests tend to wear a white robe. Bishops usually wear a black or a red robe with a red belt. 32
  33. 33. VestmentsThe clergy of the Orthodox Church have unique vestments quite distinct from other Christian denominations.The vestments worn by the clergy vary with their hierarchical order in the priesthood. The deacons, the priests, the bishops, and theCatholicose have distinct liturgical vestments. 33
  34. 34. The liturgical vestments The liturgical vestments are worn by the priest during the Order of Aaron in the preparatory prayers that precede the celebration of the divine mysteries. The priest first puts away his outer garments, saying: Remove from me, O Lord God, the unholy garments wherewith Satan has clothed me by the filth of my evil deeds, and clothe me with the choice garments that are fitting for the service of Thy glory and for the praise of Thy holy Name, O our Lord and our God, forever. 34
  35. 35. Cap The priest then puts on the phiro (lit. fruit), a small black cap which the priest must wear during all public prayers. It consists of seven sections which indicate the full priesthood of the celebrant. 35
  36. 36. The priest also puts on shoe”msone, ceremonial shoes which are worn during the celebration of the Holy Qurbono. Upon wearing the left shoe, the priest recites, May my feet, O Lord God, be shod with the preparation of theGospel of peace so that I may tread underfoot serpentsand scorpions and all the power of the enemy, for ever.  Upon wearing the right shoe, he recites, Cast downunder my foot, Lord God, all false pride that is exalted against Thy knowledge, and grant that by Thy help Imay bring the lusts of the flesh into subjection, for ever. 36
  37. 37. He then puts on the kutino alb, a white surplicewhose color is an indication of the priests purity. The priest signs the cross over it three times saying, Clothe me, O Lord, with the robe of incorruption through the strength of Thy Holy Spirit, and make me worthy to keep the true faith and walkin the paths of purity and righteousness all the days of my life. 37
  38. 38. Then he puts on the hamnikho necklace, thestole which symbolizes the priest being armed with the fear of the Lord. He signs the crossover it twice, reciting Psalm 18:39, 40: Gird mewith strength unto the battle and subdue under me them that rise up against me, defeat my enemies and silence those who hate me. 38
  39. 39. Then he puts on the zenoro girdle which speaks of the priests control over all bodilydesires. He signs the cross over it once reciting Psalm 45:3: Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, Othou most mighty with thy splendor and glory. Thy glory triumphs. 39
  40. 40. He then arms himself with the zende sleeves whichsymbolize the priests readiness to keep Gods Law and do works of righteousness. He signs the cross twice over the left sleeve and recitesPsalm 18:34 while wearing it: He trains my hands to war; and he strengthens my arms like a bow of brass.  He then signs the cross once over the right sleeve andrecites Psalm 18:35 while wearing it: Let Thy right hand help me up, and let Thy loving discipline raise me. 40
  41. 41. If the celebrant is a prelate, he puts on the masnaphtoturban, a head-cover which symbolizes the cloth with which the Lords head was bound for His burial. He makes the sign of the cross twice on it and wears itreciting Psalm 4:6-7: Who can show me He who is good? May the light of Thy countenance shine upon us, O Lord, Thou hast given gladness to my heart. 41
  42. 42. The priest then puts on the phayno, a cope which symbolizes Aarons robe of many colors and the Saviors seamless robe.He signs the cross over it thrice reciting Psalm 132:9-10:Let Thy priests be clothed with righteousness and Thy righteous with glory. For Thy servant Davids sake, turn not away the face ofthine anointed. Then he puts it on reciting Psalm 132:9: Clothe Thy priests with salvation and Thy saints with glory. 42
  43. 43. If the celebrant is a prelate, he puts on thebatrashil `Pallium which is similar to the Hamnikho but extends both front and back. It reminds the prelate of the Cross which the Savior carried. He crosses it once reciting Psalm 27:5: Inthe day of trouble, he protects me in the shadow ofhis tabernacle. He exalts me upon a rock; and now he shall lift up my head above mine enemies. 43
  44. 44. The Catholicose/Patriarch wears the sakro `shield attached to the zenoro on the right side. The shield of faith symbolizes his authority and his position as the protector of the faith (Ephesians 6:16 ".. above all taking the shield of faith with which you will be ableto quench all the fiery darts of the wicked one).Prelates also wear a Cross and an icon, usuallyof the Mother of God, around the neck. Whilewearing the cross he recites Psalm 34:5: Turn your eyes to him and hope in him and you shall not be disappointed. 44
  45. 45. Then the prelate takes the crosier (mooroneetho) in his left hand, which symbolizes the bishops authority and reminds us of the shepherds staff, reciting Psalm 110:2: The Lord will send forth thesceptre of Thy power out of Zion: thou shalt rule in the midst of thine enemies. He also takes a hand Cross in his right hand, from which a cloth called mqablonitho veil is hung reciting Psalm 44:5: For Thy cause we shall combat our enemies and for the cause of Thy name we shall trample those who hate us. Upon completing this, the celebrant washes his hands. 45
  46. 46. Deacons: Alter boys : MzamaronoDeacons wear a white kutino and an uroro stole in various shapes according totheir rank.Singers (mzamrono) wear the kutino without the uroro. 46
  47. 47. Readers (qoruyo) wear the uroro in the form of a Cross. 47
  48. 48. Subdeacons (apodyaqno) wearthe uroro folded around the neck. 48
  49. 49. Deacons (shamosho) wear the uroro over the left shoulder, on either side like wings. 49
  50. 50. Archdeacons (archedyaqno) wearthe uroro round the neck. They also wear a zenoro and zende similar to priests. 50
  51. 51. III How to WorshipAs we enter or leave the temple, we should first face the altar and cross ourselves. Before going to our place, we shouldvenerate the icon of our Lord, Saint Mary (Theotokos) & Patron Saint. 51
  52. 52. Stand in Church silently, peacefully, quietly One thing have I asked of the Lord, this will I seek after: That I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, that I may behold the delight of the Lord,and that I may visit His holy temple (Psalm 26:4). 52
  53. 53. In going to church, think that thou art going to the house of the King of Heaven, where with fear and joy one ought to stand as in heaven before the King of Heaven.While standing in church, do not look aroundto the sides and do not look at how someone is standing and praying Ask for mercy for thyself from God the Judge and Knower of hearts. 53
  54. 54. It is best to avoid traffic in and out of the church during services. Do not enter or leave during a censing, the Scripture readings, or the sermon; coming and going is especially distracting at these times. Being late for services is a common failing amongOrthodox of all sorts, but it is not something we should be proud of. Leaving services early without a very good reason is just as bad. 54
  55. 55. While in the temple we should try to maintain anattitude of prayer and a spirit of humility, like the tax collector of the Gospels (Luke 18:10-14).Our purpose for coming is to approach our Lord and King in company with our brothers and sisters; we come together to constitute Gods Church.These facts should govern our attitudes and behavior. 55
  56. 56. We should avoid conversation in thechurch even if the service has not yet begun.We should spend the time before services preparing for worship. 56
  57. 57. We will get more out of the services if we pray rather than merely attend them.Allow the hymns to enter your heart, and make their words your own.Remember that the services are not a time forprivate prayers but for sharing in the common worship of the Church. 57
  58. 58. Let us remember above all that the temple must be filled with an attitude of mutual love and respect. We have assembled to share in the Churchs worship, to unite with each other and our Lord, toanticipate the joyful time when we are gathered into His Kingdom.Our attitude toward one another should reflect that ofthe Lord, who loves us all and desires nothing more than our spiritual growth and our salvation. 58
  59. 59. Follow the service with your body as well as your mind. We should cross ourselves at the proper times (on hearing an invocation of the Trinity, and at any prayer or petition which personally affects you). During Great Lent there are times when we kneel, follow the priest and altar servers in this matter.Kneeling is not proper on Sundays, since each Sunday is a feast of the Resurrection. 59
  60. 60. Those who desire to Commune, must begin preparation from the previous day by at leastbeing continually conscious of the fact that they are preparing to partake of the Most-precious Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. 60
  61. 61.  During the Lent , we do not partake of meat, eggs, milk and fish.It is allowable to lessen the Fast only: in the case of severe illness, for small children, the elderly, for those with child or feeding an infant. 61
  62. 62. Ask forgiveness and reconcile yourself with everyone with whom you have had an argument,misunderstanding or any deterioration in relationship. By taking Communion without full reconciliation with everyone we do ourselves great harm. 62
  63. 63. No one should take HolyCommunion (or even cometo Church) with lipstick on. 63
  64. 64. One must approach the Mysteries without havingeaten or drunk anything from midnight on. 64
  65. 65. Following Holy Communion we piously return home, retain a prayerful peaceful calm, do good works and exert all ourefforts not to return to the sins from which we have been cleansed. 65
  66. 66. IVHow old is theOrthodox Faith? 66
  67. 67. If you are a Lutheran, your religion was founded by Martin Luther, an ex -monk of the Roman Catholic Church, in the year 1517. 67
  68. 68. If you belong to the Church of England  your religion was founded by King Henry VIII in the year 1534 because the Pope would not grant him a  divorce with the right to remarry. 68
  69. 69. If you are a Presbyterian your religion was founded by John Knox in  Scotland in the year 1560. 69
  70. 70. If you are a Congregationalist your religion was originated by Robert Brown in Holland in 1582 70
  71. 71. If you are a Protestant Episcopalian your religion was an offshoot of the Church of England founded by Samuel Seabury, in the American colonies in the 17th century 71
  72. 72. If you are a Baptist you owe the tenets of religion to John Smyth, who  launched it in Amsterdam in 1606. 72
  73. 73. If you are of the Dutch Reformed Church you recognize Michelis Jones asfounder because he originated your religion in New York in 1628. 73
  74. 74. If you are a Methodist your religion was founded by John and Charles Wesley in England in 1774. 74
  75. 75. If you are a Mormon  (Latter Day Saints), Joseph Smithstarted your religion in Palmyra, New York in 1829. 75
  76. 76. If you worship with the Salvation Army  your sect began with William  Booth in London in 1865 76
  77. 77. If you are a Christian Scientist you look to 1879 as the year in which  your religion was founded by Mary Baker Eddy. 77
  78. 78. If you belong to one of the religious sects known as  Church of the  Nazarene, Pentecostal Gospel, Holiness Church, or Jehovahs Witnesses your religion is one of the hundreds of new sects founded by men within the past hundred years. 78
  79. 79. If you are a Roman Catholic   your church shared the same rich apostolic  and doctrinal heritage as the Orthodox Church for the first thousand  years of its history since during the first millennium they were one and  the same Church. Lamentably, in 1054, the Pope of Rome broke way from the other four Apostolic Sees (Patriarchates), by tampering with the original Creed of the Church, and considering himself to be the universal pastor  over other Sees and infallible. 79
  80. 80. If you are a Unite Roman Catholic of any Eastern Rites  you had your roots in the Orthodox Church, but were forced into the Roman CatholicChurch, either by financial hardship, or regional political/  ecclesiastical unrest (e.g.: Malankara Syrian Catholics), or by western  colonialization (e.g.: Syro-Malabar Rite), or by military strength. 80
  81. 81. If you are an Orthodox Christian you religion was founded in the year 33 by Jesus Christ, the Son of God. It has not changed since that time. Our Church is now almost 2000 years old. And it is for this reason, that Orthodoxy, the Church of the Apostles and the Fathers is considered the true One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church. This is the greatest legacy we can pass on to the young people of the new millennium! 81
  82. 82. The Orthodox Church The Orthodox Church was founded by our Lord Jesus Christ and is the living manifestation of His presence in the history of the mankind. The most conspicuous characteristics of Orthodoxy are its  rich liturgical life and its faithfulness to the apostolic tradition. 82
  83. 83. Thank You & God Bless 83